Walmart

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Walmart logo

Walmart is a brand of discount department stores and supercenters operated by Walmart Inc. The first Walmart Discount City store opened in July 1962 in Rogers, Arkansas. The Walmart format was expanded with the opening of the first Walmart Supercenter in Washington, Missouri in March 1988. As of January 31, 2021, there are 6,272 Walmart stores operating in North America, Latin America, and China, alongside the company's 794 Sam's Club stores and 4,377 locations operating under other brands.[1]

Store history[edit | edit source]

Total Walmart locations, 1962-present
Walmart Discount Store (blue), Supercenter (orange), and Neighborhood Market (green) locations
in the United States and Canada, 1962-present

Walmart originated from a chain of Ben Franklin variety stores operated by Sam WaltonThis is a link to a Wikipedia article in northwest Arkansas. The first Wal-Mart Discount City store opened on July 2, 1962 in Rogers, Arkansas (it has since been replaced by Walmart Supercenter #1 nearby).[2] With the sale and closure of the company's remaining Ben Franklin Family Centers and Sav-Co Home Improvement Centers in 1978, Wal-Mart Discount City became the company's only store format until the first Sam's Club stores opened in 1983. The number of Walmart Discount Stores, as they are now known, peaked at 2,133 in 1996 and has since declined to 439. The average Walmart Discount Store in the United States has a floor area of 105,000 square feet (9,800 m2).[3]

The Walmart format was expanded with the opening of the first example of a Walmart Supercenter in Washington, Missouri on March 1, 1988.[4] Combining a discount department store and supermarket under one roof, the Supercenter format makes up the bulk of Walmart's worldwide footprint, and most former Walmart Discount Stores have been expanded into or replaced by Supercenters. The average Supercenter in the U.S. has a floor area of 178,000 square feet (16,500 m2).[3]

The first store in the smaller Walmart Neighborhood Market format opened in the company's hometown of Bentonville, Arkansas on October 7, 1998.[5] The average Neighborhood Market store has a floor area of 42,000 square feet (3,900 m2).[3]

Walmart began to expand internationally with the opening of its first stores in Mexico in 1993, and the acquisition of 123 former Woolco stores in Canada in 1994. In addition to acquiring other brands of stores in various countries, Walmart Inc. also operates Walmart stores in China and five Latin American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Walmart stores also formerly operated in Argentina (1995–2020), Brazil (1995–2018), Indonesia (1996–1997), Germany (1997–2006), and South Korea (1998–2006). With the exception of eight Neighborhood Market stores in China, all Walmart stores outside the United States and Canada are Supercenters.

The table below shows the number of Walmart-branded stores operating at the end of each fiscal year since the chain was created in 1962. Stores in the United States and Canada are broken down by format. Location totals outside of North America are generally given as of December 31 of the preceding year.[6][7]

Date World-
wide total
United States Canada MEX ARG BRA CHN IDN DEU KOR CRI SLV GTM HND NIC
Total Discount
Stores
Super-
centers
Neighborhood
Markets
Other Total Discount
Stores
Super-
centres
12/31/1962 1 1 1 [8]
12/31/1963 1 1 1
12/31/1964 3 3 3
12/31/1965 4 4 4
12/31/1966 6 6 6
12/31/1967 7 7 7
12/31/1968 13 13 13
12/31/1969 18 18 18
1/31/1971 26 26 26 [9]
1/31/1972 40 40 40 [10]
1/31/1973 55 55 55 [11]
1/31/1974 76 76 76 [12]
1/31/1975 100 100 100 [13]
1/31/1976 121 121 121 [14]
1/31/1977 149 149 149 [15]
1/31/1978 193 193 193 [16]
1/31/1979 229 229 229 [17]
1/31/1980 276 276 276 [18]
1/31/1981 330 330 330 [19]
1/31/1982 491 491 491 [20]
1/31/1983 551 551 551 [21]
1/31/1984 642 642 642 [22]
1/31/1985 745 745 745 [23]
1/31/1986 859 859 859 [24]
1/31/1987 980 980 980 [25]
1/31/1988 1,114 1,114 1,114 0 [26]
1/31/1989 1,259 1,259 1,257 2 [27]
1/31/1990 1,402 1,402 1,399 3 [28]
1/31/1991 1,573 1,573 1,568 5 [29]
1/31/1992 1,720 1,720 1,714 6 [30]
1/31/1993 1,880 1,880 1,854 26 0 [31]
1/31/1994 2,023 2,021 1,953 68 0 0 2 [32]
1/31/1995 2,390 2,133 1,990 143 123 123 11 0 0 [33]
1/31/1996 2,519 2,241 2,002 239 131 131 13 1 2 0 0 [34]
1/31/1997 2,609 2,311 1,967 344 136 136 18 3 2 1 2 0 [35]
1/31/1998 2,720 2,371 1,930 441 0 144 144 27 6 5 2 0 21 0 [36]
1/31/1999 2,897 2,442 1,874 564 4 153 153 27 10 9 4 95 4 [37]
1/31/2000 3,014 2,531 1,803 721 7 166 166 27 10 9 5 95 5 [38]
1/31/2001 3,165 2,652 1,745 888 19 174 174 32 11 12 10 94 6 [39]
1/31/2002 3,351 2,754 1,656 1,067 31 196 196 62 11 12 16 95 9 [40]
1/31/2003 3,540 2,885 1,577 1,259 49 213 213 75 11 12 22 94 15 [41]
1/31/2004 3,731 3,025 1,487 1,474 64 231 231 83 11 13 30 92 15 [42]
1/31/2005 3,940 3,164 1,362 1,717 85 256 256 89 11 17 40 91 16 [43]
1/31/2006 4,143 3,303 1,218 1,985 100 272 272 0 105 11 23 53 88 16 [44]
1/31/2007 4,250 3,457 1,083 2,262 112 283 276 7 118 13 26 70 0 0 [45]
1/31/2008 4,446 3,564 979 2,453 132 299 268 31 136 21 29 98 [46]
1/31/2009 4,637 3,671 898 2,620 153 312 256 56 154 22 34 132 [47]
1/31/2010 4,762 3,723 810 2,755 158 0 317 233 84 169 24 45 167 [48]
1/31/2011 4,936 3,804 709 2,907 182 6 325 201 124 192 27 49 214 0 0 0 0 [49]
1/31/2012 5,177 3,868 629 3,029 196 14 333 169 164 214 31 51 330 7 2 7 1 [50]
1/31/2013 5,452 4,005 561 3,158 267 19 379 170 209 233 34 55 350 7 2 7 1 [51]
12/31/2013 5,649 4,150 510 3,275 333 32 382 148 234 246 38 70 361 8 4 7 1 [52]
12/31/2014 5,917 4,373 471 3,401 487 14 391 122 269 257 38 72 373 8 4 9 1 0 [53]
1/31/2016 6,150 4,555 442 3,465 633 15 400 88 312 266 38 67 400 8 4 9 2 1 [54]
1/31/2017 6,302 4,653 415 3,522 699 17 410 80 330 272 38 69 423 9 4 10 3 1 [55]
1/31/2018 6,418 4,744 400 3,561 701 82 410 76 334 280 38 83 424 11 4 10 3 1 [56]
1/31/2019 6,322 4,744 386 3,570 698 90 411 72 339 274 31 0 420 11 5 10 3 2 [57]
1/31/2020 6,314 4,744 376 3,571 687 110 408 65 343 280 29 412 13 5 10 3 2 [58]
1/31/2021 6,272 4,731 374 3,570 686 101 408 65 343 287 0 403 14 6 10 3 2 [1]
Date World-
wide total
United States Canada MEX ARG BRA CHN IDN DEU KOR CRI SLV GTM HND NIC
Total Discount
Stores
Super-
centers
Neighborhood
Markets
Other Total Discount
Stores
Super-
centres

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Unit Counts by Country", Walmart, January 31, 2021.
  2. "July 2, 1962 - The First Walmart Opens", Pleasant Family Shopping, July 3, 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Walmart Inc. 2020 Annual Report, via q4cdn.com.
  4. VandeWater, Judith. "Wal-Mart Takes Washington By Store", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, March 2, 1988, page 1C.
  5. The Associated Press. "Wal-Mart plans to move faster on adding stores", Kansas City Star, October 7, 1998, page B-2.
  6. "Annual Reports & Proxies" (1980–present), walmart.com.
  7. "Unit Counts & Square Footage" (2013–present), walmart.com.
  8. "1960s: Retail Revolution", The Walmart Digital Museum.
  9. Walton, Sam M. Letter to stockholders, February 1971, via the Walmart Digital Museum.
  10. Wal-Mart Stores 1972 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  11. Wal-Mart Stores 1973 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  12. Wal-Mart Stores 1974 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  13. Wal-Mart Stores 1975 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  14. Wal-Mart Stores 1976 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  15. Wal-Mart Stores 1977 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  16. Wal-Mart Stores 1978 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  17. Wal-Mart Stores 1979 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  18. Wal-Mart Stores 1980 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  19. Wal-Mart Stores 1981 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  20. Wal-Mart Stores 1982 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  21. Wal-Mart Stores 1983 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  22. Wal-Mart Stores 1984 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  23. Wal-Mart Stores 1985 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  24. Wal-Mart Stores 1986 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  25. Wal-Mart Stores 1987 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  26. Wal-Mart Stores 1988 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  27. Wal-Mart Stores 1989 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  28. Wal-Mart Stores 1990 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  29. Wal-Mart Stores 1991 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  30. Wal-Mart Stores 1992 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  31. Wal-Mart Stores 1993 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  32. Wal-Mart Stores 1994 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  33. Wal-Mart Stores 1995 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  34. Wal-Mart Stores 1996 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  35. Wal-Mart Stores 1997 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  36. Wal-Mart Stores 1998 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  37. Wal-Mart Stores 1999 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  38. Wal-Mart Stores 2000 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  39. Wal-Mart Stores 2001 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  40. Wal-Mart Stores 2002 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  41. Wal-Mart Stores 2003 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  42. Wal-Mart Stores 2004 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  43. Wal-Mart Stores 2005 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  44. Wal-Mart Stores 2006 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  45. Wal-Mart Stores 2007 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  46. Wal-Mart Stores 2008 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  47. Wal-Mart Stores 2009 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  48. Wal-Mart Stores 2010 Annual Report, q4cdn.com.
  49. "Walmart Stores, Inc. Data Sheet - Worldwide Unit Details January 2011"; "International Operations"; "Fact Sheets", Walmart, archived 2011.
  50. "Walmart Stores, Inc. Data Sheet - Worldwide Unit Details January 2012"; "International Operations"; "Fact Sheets", Walmart, archived 2012.
  51. "Unit Counts by Country", Walmart, January 31, 2013; "Our Locations", Walmart, archived March 8, 2013 via the WayBack Machine.
  52. "Unit Counts by Country", Walmart, December 31, 2013.
  53. "Unit Counts by Country", Walmart, December 31, 2014.
  54. "Unit Counts by Country", Walmart, January 31, 2016.
  55. "Unit Counts by Country", Walmart, January 31, 2017.
  56. "Unit Counts by Country", Walmart, January 31, 2018.
  57. "Unit Counts by Country", Walmart, January 31, 2019.
  58. "Unit Counts by Country", Walmart, January 31, 2020.